Illinois Map

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City and State Information for Illinois

Illinois Facts, Statistics, and State Symbols

State Flag

Illinois

"Prairie State"

Motto
State sovereignty, national union
Capitol
Springfield
Name Origin
Algonquin for “tribe of superior men”
Statehood Date
Dec. 3, 1818 (21st)
Cities in Illinois
 

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Official Symbols

A state's official symbols represent the composition and culture of the land and people who live and have lived here. Below are the symbols of Illinois along with the year they became official.

Flower Violet (1908)
Tree White Oak (1973)
Bird Cardinal (1929)
Animal White-Tailed Deer (1982)
Fish Bluegill (1987)
Insect Monarch Butterfly (1975)
Song “Illinois” (1925)
Mineral Fluorite (1965)
Demographics
Population Density
223.4 people per square mile
Geography and Weather
Land Area
55,584 sq mi. (143,963 sq km)
Lowest Elevation
0 ft (0 m)
Average Elevation
600 ft (182.88 m)
Highest Temperature Recorded
117°F (47°C) on July 14, 1954
Lowest Temperature Recorded
–36°F (–38°C) on January 5, 1999

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